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Six Facts for Adoptive Parents

If you paid expenses to adopt an eligible child, you may be able to claim a tax credit of up to $13,360.

Here are six things the IRS wants you to know about the expanded adoption credit.

1. The Affordable Care Act increased the amount of the credit and made it refundable, which means you can

get the credit as a tax refund even after your tax liability has been reduced to zero.

2. For tax year 2011, you must file a paper tax return, Form 8839, Qualified Adoption Expenses, and attach

documents supporting the adoption. Taxpayers claiming the credit will still be able to use IRS Free File or

other software to prepare their returns, but the returns must be printed and mailed to the IRS, along with all

required documentation.

3. Documents may include a final adoption decree, placement agreement from an authorized agency, court

documents and/or the state’s determination for special needs children.

4. Qualified adoption expenses are reasonable and necessary expenses directly related to the legal adoption of the child. These expenses may include adoption fees, court costs, attorney

fees and travel expenses.

5. An eligible child must be under 18 years old, or physically or mentally incapable of caring for himself or


6. If your modified adjusted gross income is more than $185,210, your credit is reduced. If your modified AGI

is $225,210 or more, you cannot take the credit.

For more information see the Adoption Credit FAQ page available at

Form 8839, which can be downloaded from the website or ordered by calling 800-TAX-

FORM (800-829-3676).

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